What is acne?

For those of us that suffer with acne, it can become the ‘bain of our lives’. If you are an acne sufferer, then you probably already know a lot about acne and how it is caused, but the following is just a very simple explanation from Kate:

“Acne is a common skin condition that affects so many of us, and involves the hair follicle and its associated sebaceous (oil) gland. The acne skin disease is commonly characterised by spots that are referred to as “pimples” or “zits”. The spots can range from comedones (blackheads & whiteheads),which are often mild, to inflamed pus filled lesions such as papules or pustules and nodules (cysts). Inflamed acne is more severe and can lead to scarring. The most common type of acne is known as acne vulgaris. Although acne is not dangerous it does have far reaching social and psychological effects.”

How can Kate Kerr London treat my Acne?

What you are likely to already know as an acne sufferer is that each case of acne is individual, and so must be treated individually – no two people are the same and no two ‘acne break outs’ are the same, either!

Before we can determine the right treatment plan for your acne, there are a number of different factors that need to be taken into account. If you feel that your acne is more moderate to severe, then we would always advise it is best to seek professional help in order to get your acne under control. Kate can help you with this, and if your acne is proving stubborn or Kate feels it is necessary, a referral may be made to an appropriate skin specialist using her extensive network of professional contacts.

Have you considered an Advanced Clinical Facial?

At Kate Kerr, we really want to help you to understand your acne condition and answer any questions that you may have. A very well received treatment for acne at Kate Kerr is Kate’s Advanced Clinical Acne Facial. This facial was designed using Kate’s extensive knowledge and includes products that Kate herself has cherry-picked after much research to find a scientifically proven skincare range that is endorsed by doctors. If you are seeking medical help for your acne, then the Advanced Clinical Acne Facial could be a very good treatment for you.

Knowledge and Experience

Rest assured that you are in good hands with Kate; having experience working alongside a Dermatologist, Kate has gained a thorough understanding of acne and its treatment both medically and otherwise.

This knowledge is extremely important when prescribing your skincare and treatment regime around your medicated treatment. Using the correct skincare is imperative to help reach your goal of a clear complexion. Something as simple as using an incorrect moisturiser is enough to undo the effects of any acne treatment; no medicated treatment regime would be complete without thorough advice on which skincare and facial treatment is best for you.

The Treatment

The Advanced Clinical Acne Facial is an intensive treatment scientifically formulated to improve skin clarity and reduce acne blemishes, while soothing redness and inflammation. By changing the environment in the skin this treatment targets the four key contributing factors that lead to the development of acne:

  • Effectively Reduces Oil Production: prevents oily skin and stops blockages developing
  • Effectively Reduces Skin Thickening: by normalising skin cell production it prevents the backlog of dead skin cells that lead to the development of blackheads and whiteheads
  • Effectively Controls and Reduces Acne Bacteria
  • Effectively Calms and Soothes Inflammation: to reduce scarring risk and unsightly inflamed spots

The Benefits of the Advanced Clinical Acne Treatment

  • Blackheads, whiteheads, dead skin and other impurities
  • Existing acne
  • Prevent new break out
  • The look and texture of your skin
  • Reduce acne scars and post acne hyper-pigmentation


Who gets acne?

85% of the population at some point in their lives suffer from acne.  This is most prevalent in the teenage years, those aged between 14 and 18.  Surprisingly, acne is getting more common in adults and as many as 50% of adults will be affected by acne during these years. Many sufferers are left with permanent scarring which is often more damaging psychologically than the acne itself.  With modern advancements in cosmetic treatments it can now be greatly reduced or even eliminated completely, although the most important goal for us when treating acne, is scar prevention.

What causes acne?

At certain times in our lives our skin becomes more sensitive to the fluctuation of a hormone known as DHT.  This can be triggered by puberty, pregnancy, menopause and the result of long term stress.  Our skin reacts by causing fatty acid depletion which upsets the protective barrier on the surface of the skin. To counteract this, excess sebum (oil) is produced to rebuild the depleted barrier. The skin starts to thicken and normal skin shedding slows down.  This happens inside the follicle as well as on the skin’s surface, causing an accumulation of dead cells backed up within the follicle.  This over production of oil and skin cells forms a ‘plug’ in the duct causing a blockage, known as a comedone.  A bacterium known as Propionibacterium acnes or P.acnes, builds up under the comedone causing inflammation leading to the formulation of papules, pustules or cysts.

The acne cycle is well understood by scientists but many medical professionals address the symptoms of acne and not the root cause.  To eliminate acne completely and not just treat the symptoms it is important to target all four of these contributing factors.  Reduce oil production; reduce skin thickening; reduce the bacteria P. acnes and calm inflammation.

Kate Kerr London’s Acne  Facial is scientifically formulated to change the environment on the skin’s surface to actively target these key factors to improve skin clarity, reduce acne blemishes whilst soothing redness and inflammation.


What are Common Acne Myths?

An important aspect of acne management is to clear up the myths!

  • Acne is caused by food. Scientific studies have not found a link between diet and acne.  A study carried out at a United States prison on whether chocolate has a direct effect upon oil production proved this.  It is always sensible to have a healthy and balanced diet.
  • Acne is contagious. A study carried out by Doctors extracting pus from one pustule and injecting into unaffected skin concluded that this did not spread acne.
  • Acne is caused by dirt. Acne is caused by activity beneath the skin, therefore surface dirt will play only  a small role in the formation of acne.  The black head of a comedone is caused by the skin’s natural melanin which turns black once it comes into contact with the air and not caused by dirt as some may think.
  • Acne is caused by too many hormones. Hormones have a large role to play in the formation of acne but it is easy to misinterpret this as the body producing too many hormones.  A study was carried out in England where blood samples of acne sufferers were analysed for hormone levels.  It showed there was no significant increase in the male hormones in these patients, which suggested that it was the skin’s sensitivity to normal levels of hormones that is to blame.
  • Stress causes acne. The ordinary stress in day to day living is not an important factor in acne.  Only situations of extreme stress such as divorce, exams or death of a close family member may induce acne or make existing acne worse; this is not common and will usually respond well to acne treatment.

Is it harmful to squeeze my spots?

Yes! You should not pick or squeeze acne lesions.  In particular, inflammatory acne lesions should NEVER be squeezed.  Squeezing forces bacteria and infected material deeper into the skin, causing additional inflammation and possible scarring.  Extensive extractions are professionally performed in the Acne Facial so as to not cause skin damage or cause further break out.

What is acne scarring and how can you minimise it?

Acne scars form at the site of injury to the tissue. The term ‘scarring’ refers to a fibrous process in which new collagen is laid down like a band aid.  It affects 30% of those with moderate or severe acne vulgaris.  The injury is due to the process of inflammation caused by the build up of dead skin and excess oil.  The collagen patches up the injured skin, but instead of a smooth ‘repair job’  it is more of a ‘shoddy patch up’ resulting in too much collagen in one spot.   The result can be Ice pick scars (pitted scars), atrophic scars (flat, thin scars) or hypertrophic or keloid scars (thick lumpy scars).  Kate Kerr London’s Micro-Needling treatment uses an electronic device known as the Dermapen to create thousands of controlled channels of micro-trauma in the skin to induce the skin’s natural repair mechanisms.  This stimulates the to skin repair and activate collagen production, resulting in reduced scarring, pore minimisation and generally a smoother, refined, healthier looking skin.Acne Facial for more information on how to treat your acne.

How is acne treated by medical professionals?

There are a variety of different approaches Doctors or Dermatologists use when treating acne.  As mentioned earlier it is of utmost importance to target all four contributing factors that lead to the development of acne to effectively minimise and hopefully eradicate the condition.  Unfortunately not all medical professionals understand the importance or treating the root cause and continue to only treat the symptoms which unfortunately does not go far in finding a cure for acne.

Topical and oral (systemic) treatment can be used singularly or in a combined approach to treat the varying degrees of acne severity.  Topical treatments include medicated washes, antibacterial creams and solutions, topical retinoids (a vitamin A derivative), exfoliating washes, benzoyl peroxide and azelaic acid. Oral treatments include antibiotics, hormone treatment and oral retinoids such as Roaccutane.